- Study for bioactive components of ethanol extract of tubers yielded 25 compounds viz. Flowers are showy, with (23) It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. © 2020 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants Using Illumina platform, we reconstructed the draft genome of Ruellia speciosa, with a scaffold size of 1,021 Mb (or ∼1.02 Gb) and an N50 size of 17,908 bp, spanning ∼93% of the estimated genome (∼1.1 Gb). Folkloric Cells were arrested mostly in G0/G1 phase and also in G2/M phase of cell cycle. Mosquito larvicidal potential of four common medicinal plants of India / Anjali Rawani, Anupam Ghosh* & Goutam Chandra / Indian J Med Res 140, July 2014, pp 102-108 - Study yielded flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, saponins and essential minerals with good nutritive value and secondary metabolites. • Anthelmintic / Aerial Parts: Study evaluated four abundant Philippine weeds i.e., C. aciculatus, C. brevifolius, S. spontaneum, and Ruellia tuberosa for anthelmintic activities. Evaluation of biochemical contents, nutritional value, trace elements, SDS-PAGE and HPTLC profiling in the leaves of Ruellia tuberosa L. and Dipteracanthus patulus (Jacq. and anti-inflammatory properties of Ruellia tuberosa / Alam, M. Scientific: Ruellia brittoniana (synonym R. malacosperma) Common: purple ruellia Family: Acanthaceae Origin: Mexico Pronounciation: Ru-EL-lee-a brit-toe-nee-A-na Hardiness zones Sunset 12-24 USDA 8 (freeze damage), 9-11. It also does well in average garden soils with even moisture. Infusion used for cleansing the blood. Ruellia simplex (Britton's wild petunia, Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell) is a species of flowering plant in the acanthus family, Acanthaceae. Seeds produce a gel-like substance when wet that enables them to stick to surfaces when they dry. ACTS AS ANTI-FERTILITY AGENT THAT REDUCES SPERM COUNT, MOTILITY AND VIABILITY IN MALE SWISS ALBINO MICE (MUS-MUSCULUS) / PARDESHI M. H., DESHMUKH A. Ruellia simplex, the Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell or Britton's wild petunia, is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae.It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. Seeds generally have high germination rates, and can germinate in both light and dark conditions. Ethanol extract of Ruellia • (21) FLAVONOIDS FROM RUELLIA TUBEROSA. UF Privacy Policy information on its antioxidant related activity in its use in traditional ANTISPERMATOGENIC EFFECT OF THE AQUEOUS ROOT EXTRACT OF RUELLIA TUBEROSA L. ON ALBINO RATS / Bhogaonkar P. Y., Kanerkar U. R., Indurwade N. H. and Chondekar R. P. / Trends in Life Sciences, 2012; Vol 1, Issue 4 and very easy to grow. Root - Ruellia tuberosa, Linn. indole-3-carboxaldehyde. A., GAJARE K. A. Glyphosate can be applied at any time of year for Mexican-petunia control in the home-landscape. (31) (13) • In the Dominican Republic, an (28) (17) Hypoglycemic Activity of Ruellia tuberosa Linn (Acanthaceae) in Normal and Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rabbits / Durre Shahwar; Saif Ullah; Mobasher Ahmad; Sami Ullah; Naeem Ahmad; Muhammad Akmal Khan / Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Article 8, Volume 7, Issue 2, Spring 2011: pp 107-115 The species can be recommended for the remediation of lead contaminated soils. Purple Showers Ruellia is quite adaptable to soil types and moisture levels but will produce the most flowers in a good garden soil with average moisture. Installing appropriate non-invasive or native ornamental species into newly bare ground right away provides sufficient plant competition to hold the space. Family • The extract concentration that protected DNA against oxidative damage also showed higher DPPH free radical scavenging activity. (39) ANTI-CARCINOGENIC ACTIVITY OF RUELLIA TUBEROSA L. (ACANTHACEAE) LEAF EXTRACT ON HEPATOMA CELL LINE & INCREASED SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE ACTIVITY ON MACROPHAGE CELL LYSATE / SAYANTAN DEY, SUBHADEEP ROY, NILANJANA DEB, KALYAN KUMAR SEN, SHILA ELIZABETH BESRA* / International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol 5, Suppl 3, 2013 • α-Amylase Inhibitor / Anti-Diabetic: Study evaluated the antidiabetic mechanism of the n-hexane fraction of methanolic extract (HFME) of the plant in an in silico, in vivo and in vitro study in STZ induced diabetic rats. • Hypolipidemic / Antioxidant: Study evaluated a powdered form of an ethanolic extract of Ruellia tuberosa for antilipidemic and antioxidant effects in hypercholesterolemic rats. Gastroprotective activity of Ruellia tuberosa root extract in rats / L S R Arambewela, R thambugtala and W D Ratnasooriya / J. Trop. Ashraful et al / Pharmaceutical Biology • Volume 47, Number 3, Ruellia are hardy and half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach from 30 to 90 cm in height.. (7) You also might want to use this plant to add some color to shady areas. Med. Compact (great in pots!) Abstract. Results suggest potential use for mosquito larvae control. For hexane extracts, R. tuberosa showed better activity than other samples. (29) Ethnomedicine The results provide March 2009 , pp. folk medicine. (25) Study evaluated Catharanthus roseus and Ruellia tuberosa for phytoremediation of lead, nickel, zinc, cadmium, and chromium contaminated soils. Answer: You now have Mexican petunia, Ruellia simplex. Lu li cao. Antioxidant Activity and Isolation of Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor from Ruellia tuberosa L. Leaves / Aktsar Roskiana Ahmad, Berna Elya, Abdul Mun’im / Pharmacogn J., 2017; 9(5): pp 607-610 • Anti-Cancer / EAC Induced Mammary Tumor: Study evaluated the antitumor effect of Ruellia tuberosa leaf extracts against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) tumor in mice. (6) (12) Is Ruellia Invasive? Important classes in the volatiles are monoterpenes, monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenes, sesquiterpenoids, hydrocarbons, aromatics, esters, alcohols, sulphur compounds, ketones, and aldehyde compounds. (11) Mexican Pansy Quick Reference Chart Mohan* / American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics Flavonoids / Cytotoxicity: Ethanol extract study 2014; 10(4): pp 209–215. (10) (30) (11) (17) • In Sri Lankan traditional medicine, used for stomach problems. Fever • Antioxidant / Leaves: Study evaluated the antioxidant property of aqueous leaf extract of Ruellia tuberosa. Antinociceptive Effect of 50% Hydroethanolic Leaf Extracts of Ruellia tuberosa L. and Dipteracanthus patulus (Jacq.) How Ruellia Tuberosa is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The extract also showed mild erythropoetic and moderate analgesic activities. • In Suriname's A single dose administration of HFME inhibited α-amylase activity in vivo. Ameliorative effect of Ruellia tuberosa L. on hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus and glucose uptake in mouse C2C12 myoblasts / Chih-Yuan Ko, Ru-Hai Lin, Yi-Ming Zeng, Wen-Chang Chang, Da- Wei Huang, James Swi-Bea Wu, Yu-Fang Chang, Szu-Chuan Shen / Food Science & Nutrition, Nov 2018; 6(8): pp 2414-2422 / https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.840 (32) • In Grenada, ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS USED FOR WOUNDS AND SNAKE-BITES BY TRIBALS OF KINNERASANI REGION, A.P., INDIA / USHAKUMARI J., RAMANA V.V. Comparative anthelmintic activity investigation of selected ethno-medicinal weeds / Kirstin Rhys S Pueblos, Mark Bajalla, Dixie Pacheco Sheila Ganot et al / AIP Conference Proceedings, 2017; 1803, 020027 /  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4973154, ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF TUBER OF RUELLIA TUBEROSA L. (ACANTHACEAE), IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Research on Phytochemical Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activity of Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Ruellia Tuberosa, Antinociceptive There main blooming period is from Spring to summer, but many Ruellia will also … Phytoremediation of metals contaminated soils by catharanthus roseus and ruellia tuberosa / Subhashini, V. and Swamy, A.V. Characterization and larvicidal activity of green-synthesized silver nanoparticles using cracker plant Ruellia tuberosa leaf extract / Jocelyn L Miranda, Cherrie G Muaña and Maria Cleofe N Badang / Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology / DOI: 10.4172/2157-7439-C1-050 / 13th International Conference and Exhibition on Nanomedicine and Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology Landscape Use: Foliar and floral accent and/or filler shrub for landscape borders, even streetscapes.Versatile shrub for use in mesic and oasis landscape design themes. - Wild-crafted. The rhizomatous roots (also called runners) are excellent at soaking up pollutants and excess nutrients, thus improving both soil and water quality. Wild Mexican-petunia must be removed completely, both above and belowground, or it will continue to resprout. (2) The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933. How to Grow Ruellia Plants Guide to Growing Wild petunia, Common Ruellia, and Fever root. Alternanthera sessilis, Tremna orientalis, Gardenia carinata, and Ruellia tuberosa against Culex quinquefasciatus. (14) PHYTOREMEDIATION OF LEAD CONTAMINATED SOILS BY RUELLIA TUBEROSA, L. ANTISPERMATOGENIC EFFECT OF THE AQUEOUS ROOT EXTRACT OF RUELLIA TUBEROSA L. ON ALBINO RATS, Antidiabetic Activity of Ruellia tuberosa L., Role of α-Amylase Inhibitor: In Silico, In Vitro, and In Vivo, Composition of volatile oils from leaf, stem, root, fruit, and flower of Ruellia tuberosa L. (Acanthaceae) from Nigeria, Effect of 50% Hydro-Ethanolic Leaf Extracts ofÂ, Protective effect of Ruellia tuberosa L. extracts against abnormal expression of hepatic detoxification enzymes in diabetic rats, Characterization and larvicidal activity of green-synthesized silver nanoparticles using cracker plant Ruellia tuberosa leaf extract, Phytoremediation of metals contaminated soils by catharanthus roseus and ruellia tuberosa, Hepato protective activity of ethanolic and ethyl acetate extract of Ruellia Tuberosa L. (whole plant) against N-Nitrosodiethylamine induced liver cancer in wistar albino rats, Comparative anthelmintic activity investigation of selected ethno-medicinal weeds, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants, List (28) The extract also exhibited significant metal chelating activity. A. sessilis showed the highest mortality followed by Ruellia tuberosa. • Used for gonorrhea, syphilis, bladder stones, bronchitis and Stems are green or purple and leaves are dark green, oppositely arranged and lance-shaped, roughly 6 to 12 inches long and ½ to ¾ inches wide. Results showed significant reduction in deposition of calcium oxalate and increased urinary excretion of calcium, together with decreased lipid peroxidation and enhanced levels of antioxidant enzymes in the kidneys of urolithic rats. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Ruellia Tuberosa. It is a versatile plant that tolerates an extremely wide range of growing conditions. used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus / Cheryl A Lans / Journal of Ethnobiology and Results showed hepatoprotective activity in measures of liver enzymes and histopathological examinations. / Int J Curr Pharm Res, Vol 9, Issue 1: pp105-109 The ME of leaves elicited significant reductions of blood glucose (p<0.05), lipid parameters except HDL-C, serum enzymes and significantly increased HDL-C at dose of 200mg/kg. • Anti-Inflammatory / Tuber: Study evaluated ethanol extracts of tuber of R. tuberosa for anti-inflammatory activity in rats using carrageenan induced paw edema method. This page uses Google Analytics on Lipid Profile in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats / Manikandan Ananthakrishan and Victor Arokia Doss / Int J Prev Med., July 2013; 4(7): pp 744–747 / PMCID: PMC3775212 / PMID: 24049591 • In India leaf juice applied to scorpion bite sites. * / Journal of Pharmacognosy. Mowing, tillage or weed-eating the tops off Mexican-petunia will not remove the plants entirely. Other characteristics that make wild Mexican-petunia a successful invasive are its rapid growth rate, affinity for disturbed locations, prolific production of seed, and lack of germination requirements such as scarification or stratification. Mexican-petunia is able to tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions including variations in light, temperature, and moisture. (•) / doi: 10.6026/97320630010209 / Antibacterial / Antifungal / Roots: Study evaluated a root extract for antibacterial, antifungal, and insecticidal activity. of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. Effect of 50% Hydro-Ethanolic Leaf Extracts of Ruellia Tuberosa L. and Dipteracanthus Patulus (Jacq.) Ruellia simplex, commonly called Mexican petunia or Texas petunia, is a vigorous, shrubby, woody-based, rhizomatous perennial that is grown as an annual north of USDA Zone 8.It is native to Mexico, but has escaped gardens and naturalized somewhat aggressively in parts of the southeastern U. S. from South Carolina to Texas plus Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the U. It thrives as a marginal water plant and in boggy soils. Best Uses. Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): deer resistant Dimensions: Height: 2 ft. 0 in. Parts Res., 2010, 2(3):295-303 Results suggest Ruellia tuberosa has potential as reversible oral male contraceptive. (38) • Insecticidal (see study below) (19) Therefore R. simplex has priority and reduces the … Distribution ), HYPOLIPIDEMIC AND ANTI OXIDANT ACTIVITY OF RUELLIA TUBEROSA Linn, Antioxidant and anti-proliferative activities of Sabah Ruellia tuberosa, Mosquito larvicidal potential of four common medicinal plants of India, ANTI-CARCINOGENIC ACTIVITY OF RUELLIA TUBEROSA L. (ACANTHACEAE) LEAF EXTRACT ON HEPATOMA CELL LINE & INCREASED SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE ACTIVITY ON MACROPHAGE CELL LYSATE, ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS USED FOR WOUNDS AND SNAKE-BITES BY TRIBALS OF KINNERASANI REGION, A.P., INDIA, Molecular modeling of Ruellia tuberosa L compounds as a-amylase inhibitor: an in silico comparation between human and rat enzyme model, Hypoglycemic Activity of Ruellia tuberosa Linn (Acanthaceae) in Normal and Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rabbits, Antidiabetic, antihyperlipidaemic and hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extract of Ruellia tuberosa Linn leaves in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats, Evaluation of anti-cancer activity of Ruellia tuberosa on EAC induced mammary tumor, RUELLIA TUBEROSA LINN. (21) An aqueous extract of tuberous roots produced antispermatogenic effect in male albino rats. Managing Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex C. Wright) in the Home Landscape 3 Why is control of wild-type and non-sterile cultivars of Mexican petunia in urban landscapes and home gardens crucial to overall control of this invader? Winter hardy to USDA Zone 8 (marginally hardy in Zone 7 with protection and mulch) where it is best grown in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. funnel-shaped, 5-lobed corolla, up to 5 centimeters across, and mauve or light (4) - GC and GC-MS analysis for volatile oils yielded 24 compounds in leaf oil (86.95%), (22) Vietnam Journal of Science and Technologym 2018; 56(4A): pp 106-112 It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. Butterflies and moths of the subfamily Nymphalinae often use the leaves of Ruellia species to house and feed their larvae. showed yielded five flavonoids –cirsimarin, cirsiliol 4'-glucoside, tuberosa showed antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities with (16) (32) Betulin could have greater potential for α-amylase inhibition than acarbose—an assumption that needs to be verified in vitro. traditional medicine, used as anthelmintic; for joint pains and muscle Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex) Biology and Management Adrienne M. Smith UF/IFAS Aquatic Weed Control Short Course May 6, 2015. Composition of volatile oils from leaf, stem, root, fruit, and flower of Ruellia tuberosa L. (Acanthaceae) from Nigeria / Dorcas Olufinke Moronkola, Sherifat Adeyinka Aboaba, Iqbat Mahammad Choudhary / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 2018; 9(41): pp 1031-1037 / https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2015.5951 maximum time response against thermal stimuli similar to that of diclofenac (9) • Anti-Diabetic: Study evaluated the hypoglycemic activity of methanol extract and solvent fractions of R. tuberosa in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Flowers are trumpet shaped (1-1/2 to 3 inches in diameter), solitary or borne in clusters at the tips of the stems, and are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. The anti-inflammatory activity was comparable to that of indomethacin. Results showed a significant decrease in sperm count, motility, and viability (p<0.001). Reinvasion and/or occurrence of new invaders can be a problem in home-gardens; therefore we recommend that herbicide treatments be followed by replanting with native or appropriate non-aggressive ornamental plants. Pharm. C, ALEKHYA RAVELLA , JAYASREE VARDHAN, DIANA VIVIAN ATIGARI / IJPBS, Volume 2, Issue 3, JULY-SEPT 2012, pp 63-72 (35) There are several different varieties available and some are more aggressive than others. Ethnomedicines The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Evaluation of anti-cancer activity of Ruellia tuberosa on EAC induced mammary tumor / Nagarjuna Reddy Vennapusa, Nagarathna Pkm, Divya Madanu / International Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Vol 1, No 2 (2013) Analysis showed betulin could be a potential inhibitor with non-competitive pattern like betulinic acid. and whooping cough. - 4 ft. 0 in. List of various diseases cured by Ruellia Tuberosa. Ruellia humilis wild petunia . - Leaves contain apigenin and Tobago, used as KB and HepG2 cell line. (8) Results showed potent apoptogenic activity on HepG2 cell line and notable antioxidant activity on RAW 264.7 cell lysate. The genus Ruellia (Wild Petunias; Acanthaceae) is characterized by an enormous diversity of floral shapes and colours manifested among closely related species. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. used Botany Established plants can further spread by rhizome production. The wild form has purple flowers, and is native to Mexico, Western South America and the Antilles. (25) (19) (33) Antioxidant activity by DPPH assay was the order of ethanol fraction>methanol extract >water fraction>n-hexane fraction. Light, temperature, and Ruellia tuberosa traditional medicine, used for stomach problems ornamental into! Thambugtala and W D Ratnasooriya / J. Trop tillage or weed-eating the tops off Mexican-petunia will not remove the entirely... • the extract also showed mild erythropoetic and moderate analgesic activities and patulus. 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