Thābit ibn Qurra (arab. Al-Ṣābiʾ Thābit ibn Qurrah al-Ḥarrānī (Arabic: ثابت بن قره, Latin: Thebit/Thebith/Tebit;[2] 826 or 836[3][4] – February 18, 901) was a Syrian Arab[5][6][7] mathematician, physician, astronomer, and translator who lived in Baghdad in the second half of the ninth century during the time of the Abbasid Caliphate. et commentaire par Morelon, R., Sciences et Philosophie arabes, Textes et études (Paris, 1987). A son, Sinān ibn Thābit, became a renowned physician and director of a hospital in Baghdad, and a grandson, Ibrāhīm ibn Sinān, won fame as an important mathematician. He soon wrote original works on geometry, statics, magic squares, the theory of numbers, music, astronomy, medicine, and philosophy. As a member of the Banū Mūsā circle of scholars in 9th‐century Baghdad, Thābit ibn Qurra contributed significantly to the development of astronomy and other sciences through his translations and commentaries of Greek and Hellenistic works and through his original treatises. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. [11] Thābit's contributions included proof of the Pythagoras' theorem and Euclid's fifth postulate. Notable astronomical contributions include a translation By calling themselves Sabians, after a group mentioned in the Qur’ān, the cult members established themselves as “People of the Book” and hence were freed from the requirement of conversion to Islam. In astronomy, Thābit is considered one of the first reformers of the Ptolemaic system, and in mechanics he was a founder of statics. Thābit ibn Qurrah made important discoveries in algebra, geometry, and astronomy. Qurra was reportedly one of the first to write about the concept of equal-armed balance or at least to systematize the treatment. SINāN SINāN IBN THāBIT IBN QURRA, ABū SA‘īD (b.ca. Thābit died in Baghdad in 901. Thābit ibn Qurra (d. 288/901) : texts and studies. He revised the translation of Euclid's Elements of Hunayn ibn Ishaq. He was the author to multiple treaties. Thābit ibn Qurrah made important discoveries in algebra, geometry, and astronomy. Most of his scientific works were written in Arabic, but some were in Syriac; he translated many Greek works into Arabic. [20] and in mechanics he was a founder of statics. He lived in Baghdad during the Islamic Golden Age. [Fuat Sezgin; Māzin ʻAmāwī; Carl Ehrig-Eggert; E Neubauer; Thābit ibn Qurrah al-Ḥarrānī;] Thabit ibn Qurra (826–901) was an important figure in Baghdad during the second half of the ninth century, making contributions to astronomy, mathematics, and philosophy. This work was the result of combining Aristotelian and Archimedean ideas of dynamics and mechanics.[11]. Amazon.in - Buy Thābit ibn Qurra’s Restoration of Euclid’s Data: Text, Translation, Commentary (Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences) book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. Thābit ibn Qurra's restoration of Euclid's Data : text, translation, commentary by Nathan Sidoli ( ); Thābit ibn Qurra : science and philosophy in ninth-century Baghdad by Thābit ibn Qurrah al-Ḥarrānī ( Book ); Ibn al-Haytham's geometrical methods and the philosophy of mathematics by Rushdī Rāshid ( ) The mathematician Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir, one of … [10] He would also make a school of translation in Baghdad. Thābit was a scion of a prominent family settled in Ḥarrān, a city noted as the seat of a Hellenized Semitic astronomical cult of which Thābit was a member. Born nearḤarrān, upper Mesopotamia, (Turkey), circa 830. Born Baghdad, (Iraq), 908/909. His scientific treatises were written primarily in Arabic and partly in Syriac. Abû'l-Hasan Thâbit ibn Qurra ibn Marwân al-Harrânî, -901. [10] In regards to the Pythagorean Theorem, Thābit used a method reduction and composition to find proof. Le traité de Thābit ibn Qurra (mort en 901) sur La figure secteur est le premier de ces traités consacrés au théorème de Ménélaüs, tant dans le plan que sur la sphère, à nous être parvenu; point de départ de tout un courant, il influencera profondément le développement ultérieur de la géométrie sphérique. Ibrāhīm ibn Sinān ibn Thābit ibn Qurra. The Sabians were descended from Babylonians who worshiped the stars. Updates? [19] He would also write commentary for Archimedes's Liber Assumpta. Get this from a library! Al-Ṣābiʾ Thābit ibn Qurra al-Ḥarrānī (826 to February 18, 901) was a Turkish mathematician, physician, and astronomer. Died Baghdad, (Iraq), 946. Thābit ibn Qurra: | | Thābit ibn Qurra | | | Born | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. 880; d.Baghdad, 943) medicine, astronomy, mathematics.. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thabit-ibn-Qurrah, MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive - Biography of Al-Sabi Thabit ibn Qurra al-Harrani. GÉOMÉTRIE ET PHILOSOPHIE: DE THĀBIT IBN QURRA À IBN AL-HAYTHAM - Volume 13 Issue 2 - Alain Michel Al-Shabi Tabit ibn Qurrah al-Harrani (arabcha: ثابت بن قره) — IX asrning ikkinchi yarmida Abbosiylar xalifaligi davrida Bagʻdodda yashagan sabianlik matematik, tabib, astronom va tarjimon edi.. Tabit ibn Qurra algebra, geometriya va astronomiyada muhim kashfiyotlar qildi. Three Treatises by Thābit ibn Qurrah Pouyan Rezvani pnrezvani@gmail.com Tehran- October 2013 Abstract Abu al-Ḥasan Thābit ibn Qurrah (b. Ḥarrān [now in Southern Turkey], 221/836 - d. Baghdād, 26 Ṣafar 288/24 February 901) belonged to the Ṣābians of Ḥarrān. A. I. Sabra, ‘Thābit ibn Qurra on Euclid’s Parallels Postulate’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 31 … Thābit ibn Qurra/ edited with Translation and Commentary, Frankfurt a. M., 2001 (repr. Figures and a new interpretation of the Greek text are included as well. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 830–901), and the father of Ibrãhĩm ibn Sinãn ibn Thãbit (908–946), Sinãn belonged to the sect of the Sabians originating in Harrãn. One of Qurra's most important pieces of text is his work with the Kitab fi 'l-qarastun. Download Citation | On Jan 1, 2007, JoAnn Palmeri published Thābit ibn Qurra | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Thabit's native language was Syriac, which was spoken in and around Harran, but he also learned Greek … Thābit ibn Qurra (arab. [13] Thābit was able to use his mathematical work on the examination of Ptolemaic astronomy. [2]Referências É conhecido por, entre outros feitos, ter descoberto uma equação que permite determinar números amigáveis. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Qurra sought to establish a relationship between forces of motion and the distance traveled by the mobile.[21]. [13] With that in mind, he also thought that the solar year should be calculated by looking at the sun's return to a given star. His scientific treatises were written primarily in Arabic and partly in Syriac. [16], He also described a generalization of Pythagoras' theorem. [1] Tendo sido também um grande tradutor, astrônomo, e matemático. Abū'l‐Ḥasan Thābit ibn Qurra ibn Marwān al‐Ḥarrānī al‐Ṣābi˒ (836–901) was a Syrian mathematician, astronomer, physicist, physician, geographer, philosopher, historian, and translator from Greek and Syriac into Arabic. Greek mechanics in Arabic context: Thäbit ibn qurra, al-isfizārī and the Arabic traditions of Aristotelian and Euclidean mechanics. Al-Ṣābiʾ Thābit ibn Qurra al-Ḥarrānī (Arab: ثابت بن قرة , Latin: Thebit/Thebith/Tebit; ingkang miyos ing taun 826 lan séda ing tanggal 18 Fèbruari 901), inggih punika satunggaling ilmuwan matematika, fisika, astronom, lan ugi penerjemah wontn ing taun- taun emas Islam ingkang dumunung wonten ing Baghdad wonten ing tengahing abad kaping sanga. Blog. Al-Ṣābiʾ Thābit ibn Qurra al-Ḥarrānī (Arab: ثابت بن قرة , Latin: Thebit/Thebith/Tebit; ingkang miyos ing taun 826 lan séda ing tanggal 18 Fèbruari 901), inggih punika satunggaling ilmuwan matematika, fisika, astronom, lan ugi penerjemah wontn ing taun- taun emas Islam ingkang dumunung wonten ing Baghdad wonten ing tengahing abad kaping sanga. Who Was Ibn Qurra? Among the major Greek mathematicians whose works he translated (or whose translations he revised) were Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius of Perga, and Ptolemy. Lui Thabit ibn Qurra i se atribuie teoria medievală conform căreia precesia echinocțiilor suferă o oscilație deși acest fenomen fusese deja descris de Theon din Alexandria în … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Thābit ibn Qurra belonged to the Sabian (Mandaean) sect, descended from the Babylonian star worshippers. How to create a webinar that resonates with remote audiences Arab mathematician, physician, and philosopher. Used a method reduction and composition to find proof ( Turkey ), circa 830 19 ] he would write. Et Philosophie arabes, Textes et études ( Paris, 1987 ) geometry, and astronomer [ 2 Referências... His work with the Kitab fi ' l-qarastun partly in Syriac ; he translated many Greek works Arabic! 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