Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December There are many public elementary, middle and high schools. The Metropolitan Central Library in Ulaanbaatar maintains a digital monthly news archive. On the north side of Skhbaatar Square is the Mongolian Parliament building, featuring a large statue of Chinggis Khan at the top of the front steps. For now Ulaanbaatar remains the main, and almost only, point of contact between Mongolia and its neighbors. Bogd Khan Uul is a broad, heavily forested mountain rising 2,250 metres (7,380 ft) to the south of Ulaanbaatar. [35], Mainstream tourist guide books usually recommend the Gandantegchinlen Monastery [37] with the large Janraisig statue, the socialist monument complex at Zaisan Memorial with its great view over the city, the Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan, Skhbaatar Square and the nearby Choijin Lama Temple.[38]. This small amusement park features rides, games and paddle boats. The wettest month for Ulan Bator is July with an average of 28.1mm of precipitation To help achieve this end, it operates a research library with a reading room and computers for Internet access. It does charge users a registration fee of 3800 to 4250 tugrik, or about US$3.29 to 3.68. Owing to its high elevation, its relatively high latitude, its location hundreds of kilometres from any coast, and the effects of the Siberian anticyclone, Ulan Bator is the coldest national capital in the world, with a monsoon-influenced, cold semi-arid climate (Kppen BSk, USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 3b) that closely borders a subarctic climate. Ulan Bator time zone, daylight saving time (DST) in Ulan Bator, time change in Ulan Bator, military time in Ulan Bator. Urga was also a collection point for goods coming from further west. The Zamyn Uud-Erenhot and Altanbulag-Kyakhta borders are the only places where sustained interaction occurs between Mongolia and its neighbors. [citation needed]. Cold season / winter is in the months January, February, November and December. It is a collection of 45 newspaper titles with a particular focus on the years after the fall of communism in Mongolia. Unlike the highly mobile lifestyle of herders nomadizing between winter and summer pastures Urga was set up to be a semi-permanent residence of the high lama Zanabazar. [citation needed], Beyond the Russian consulate was the Chinese trading post called Maimaicheng, and nearby the palace of the Manchu viceroy. On 29 October 1924, the town was renamed Ulaanbaatar (Mongolian "red hero"), by the advice of T.R. The Naadam festival is held here every July. Ulaanbaatar is located at about 1,350 metres (4,430ft) above mean sea level, slightly east of the centre of Mongolia on the Tuul River, a sub-tributary of the Selenge, in a valley at the foot of the mountain Bogd Khan Uul. The annual trade was estimated at 25 million rubles, nine-tenths in Chinese hands and one-tenth in Russian. It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system.[5]. The Morin Khuur Ensemble of Mongolia is part of the Mongolian State Philharmonic located at the Chinggis Khan Square. Pre-1778 artifacts that never left the city since its founding include the Vajradhara statue made by Zanabazar himself in 1683 (the city's main deity kept at the Vajradhara temple), an ornate throne presented to Zanabazar by the Kangxi Emperor (before 1723), a sandalwood hat presented to Zanabazar by the Dalai Lama (c. 1663), Zanabazar's large fur coat which was also presented by the Kangxi Emperor and a great number of original statues made by Zanabazar (e.g., the Green Tara). During winter, Ulaanbaatar it's the coldest capital in the world, The city's museum offers a view of Ulaanbaatar's history through old maps and photos. (Shown here, Naadam). [65], The International Children's Digital Library (ICDL) is an organization that publishes numerous children's books in different languages on the web in child-friendly formats. During the Dzungar wars of the late 17th century, it was even moved to Inner Mongolia. With the growth of Western trade at the Chinese ports the tea trade to Russia declined, some Chinese merchants left and wool became the main export. [86], Ulaanbaatar is served by the Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport (formerly Buyant Ukhaa Airport). The table below displays average monthly climate indicators in ULAN-BATOR based on 8 years of historical weather readings. This climate is considered to be Dfc according to the Kppen-Geiger climate classification. The capital is governed by a Citizens' Representatives Khural of the Capital city (city council) with 45 members, elected every four years. [citation needed], In 1919, Mongolian nobles, over the opposition of the Bogd Khan, agreed with the Chinese resident Chen Yi on a settlement of the "Mongolian question" along Qing-era lines, but before this settlement could be put into effect, Khree was occupied by the troops of Chinese warlord Xu Shuzheng, who forced the Mongolian nobles and clergy to renounce autonomy completely. Why, this watch is exactly two days slow. World airport database, where you can find ICAO, IATA codes of Airport codes Ulan Bator (Ulaanbaatar), Mongolia (MN) | Database with locations of all airports in the world | Latitude, longtitude of Airport codes Ulan Bator (Ulaanbaatar), Mongolia (MN) [64] Other than the Metropolitan Central Library, the MLSU has four branch libraries. Although the building's condition is dire, the Victims of Political Persecution Memorial Museum tells about one of the most tragic history of Mongolia's 20th century. Data obtained from BBC Weather Centre. [42] These monasteries are among the very few in Mongolia to escape the wholesale destruction of Mongolian monasteries under Khorloogiin Choibalsan. There is also an Ulaanbaatar trolleybus system. In 1758, the Qianlong Emperor appointed the Khalkha Vice General Sanzaidorj as the first Mongol amban of Urga with full authority to "oversee the Khuree and administer well all the Khutugtu's subjects". Ulaanbaatar has close ties to cities like Seoul (1,995 kilometres or 1,240 miles from UB), Hong Kong (2,900 kilometres or 1,800 miles from UB), Tokyo (3,010 kilometres or 1,870 miles from UB) and Moscow (4,650 kilometres or 2,890 miles from UB). It has a total area of 55 hectares with over 100K trees planted. [93], Air pollution is a serious problem in Ulaanbaatar, especially in winter. The apostolic see is the Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, consecrated in 2003 by Cardinal Crescenzio Sepe. The garua appears on Ulaanbaatar's emblem. 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