New York: Cambridge University Press. African countries were easy to conquer for the Euros so the Euros frowned upon them. Nor was there a strong humanitarian interest in the continent now that the American slave trade had been extinguished. The focus of the great powers was still firmly on the lands that had made Europe's fortune: the Americas, the East Indies, India, China, and Australasia. The Kingdom 'Hollandia' has never existed. In 1877, the European country Belgium and King Leopold colonized the Democratic Republic of Congo. The state of Congo, the heart of Africa, was colonized by Leopold II, king of the Belgium from 1885 to 1908. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. The Congo experienced a very stable period from 1945 to 1957, and for this reason leaders were unaware of the problems developing under the surface. Lands and resources, in this case Congo had rubber which at the time was a valuable resource. If the government of Belgium would not take a colony, then he would simply do it himself, acting in his private capacity as an ordinary citizen. The Belgian Congo was a colonial state from 1908 - 1960. Having established a beachhead on the lower Congo, in 1883 Stanley set out upriver to extend Leopold's domain, employing his usual methods: negotiations with local chiefs buying sovereignty in exchange for bolts of cloth and trinkets; playing one tribe off another; and if need be, simply shooting an obstructive chief and negotiating with his cowed successor instead. Hochschild, Adam (October 6, 2005). Europeans diminished black people. Outside of the Cape of Good Hope and the Mediterranean coast, Europe had no African colonies of any significance. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Being Colonized: The Kuba Experience in Rural Congo, 1880-1960 (Africa and the Diaspora: History, Politics, Culture) at Amazon.com. 3 1. Leopold II, it seemed, was the only European willing to finance Stanley's dream: the building of a railway over the Crystal Mountains from the sea to Stanley Pool, from which river steamers could reach 1,000 miles (1,600 km) into the heart of Africa. Belgium and the Congo, 1885–1980. French Congo was a state from 1880 - 1960. Cuba was colonized by Spain after the initial finding by Columbus and became an important export of plantation crops. Henry Morton Stanley (2011). [8] At the end of his physical resources, Stanley returned home, to be replaced by Lieutenant Colonel Francis de Winton, formerly a British Army officer. primarily on their history and traditions. Stanley was applauded, admired, decorated—and ignored. Get help on 【 Why Was Africa Colonized? Historiography. Tippu Tip, the most powerful of the Zanzibari slave traders of the 19th century, was well known to Stanley, as was the social chaos and devastation that slave-hunting brought. France and Belgium both colonized the Congo. Having found the new ruler of the upper Congo, Stanley negotiated an agreement with Tippu Tip to allow him to build his final river station just below Stanley Falls (which prevented vessels sailing further upstream). When Stanley returned to Europe in 1878, he had not only found Dr. Livingstone (an event remembered to this day), resolved the last great mystery of African exploration, and ruined his health: he had also opened the heart of tropical Africa up to the outside world. The colonization of Belgium was only for Belgium’s and King Leopold’s interest and the people of Congo were treated as material objects and dehumanized. ISBN 978-1-84277-688-9. Googleusercontent search. Leopold noted, "Our frontiers can never be extended into Europe." They colonized Congo because the needed its resources like rubber to manufacture goods. When the 1860s explorers focused attention on Africa, Leopold schemed to colonise Mozambique on the east coast, Senegal on the west coast, and the Congo in the centre. ISBN 978-0299236441. . Stanley was lionised across Europe. The Belgian Congo was a colonial state from 1908 - 1960. In Brazzaville the currency is known as the Central African C.F.A., while in D.R.C. [5], Stanley, much more familiar with the rigours of the African climate and the complexities of local politics than Leopold — Leopold II never set foot in the Congo — persuaded his patron that the first step should be the construction of a wagon trail and a series of forts. . Repeated attempts to travel overland were repulsed with heavy casualties, accidents, conflicts with natives, and, above all, disease saw large and well-equipped expeditions got no further than 40 miles (64 km) or so past the western-most rapid, the legendary Cauldron of Hell. His recent Being Colonized:The Kuba Experience in Rule Congo 1880­1960 concentrates on the Kuba experience under colonial oppression. French Congo. there are two main currencies with the most widely-used being the U.S. dollar. Congo-Kinshasa and Congo-Brazzaville also use different national currencies. The best sources concerning a comprehensive general history of the Congo region are the Bibliographie They could also cheaply receive slaves and ivory and sell it at a very high price making a huge profit. Harper & Row. Retrieved September 22, 2017. BEING COLONIZED: The Kuba Experience in Rural Congo 1880-1960: The Kuba Experience in Rural Congo, 1880a 1960: Vansina, Jan: Amazon.sg: Books Four years before, the Zanzibaris had thought the Congo deadly and impassable, and warned Stanley not to attempt to go there, but when Tippu Tip learned in Zanzibar that Stanley had survived, he was quick to act. 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