In Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist mythology, the yakṣa has a dual personality. Yakṣa (यक्ष): Yaksha or Yakkha (Pāli) is the name of a broad class of nature-spirits or minor deities who appear in Hindu and Buddhist mythology. Rakshasa a follower of the Buddha . That adorable Being, leaving Lanka and followed by Gandharvas, Yakshas, Rakshasas, and Kinnaras, went to live on mount Gandhamadana (near Kailasa, Tibet). [ 1 ] Srilankan ( Sinhala ) ancentral legends refer to Yakshas as well . As ogres, giants and ogresses yakshas are popular as well in Thai folklore. From fear of that Yaksha men never went into that forest. So perhaps yakshas are also animals. They are evil, malignant and violent. Many gods, such as Kakudha, are so addressed (S.i.54). Some sections of Jains looked at yaksas and yaksanis for the immediate returns, and gave them the places in their temples. An epithet frequently applied is mahiddhika (E.g., Pv.ii.9; J.vi.118). Some Jains also believe that Yaksha and Yakshini look after the well-being of Tirthankaras. Yakshas are heinous by nature and being in control of magic of illusion they can create strange phenomena and thus frighten less intelligent. The Mahâsamaya-sutta also mentions mountain spirits from the Himalaya, Satagiri, and Mount Vepulla. Kubera ruled a Yaksha kingdom of enormous wealth. He then beheld a gate of gold. And it was held in high regard by the Gandharvas the Apsaras and the celestials. Demon, gender: male. A very cold blooded approach to emotions that rule faith so strong. If there are yakshas. Yakshas are the mythological character in Hindu mythology, who are a link between human and gods. At (14:16) Pandavas were mentioned as mining this gold. A class of non human beings generally described as amanussa. Yaksha Kingdom refers to the territory of a tribe of mythical creatures called Yakshas who were one of the Exotic tribes of ancient India. [citation needed]. In Buddhist literature, the yakṣa are the attendants of Vaiśravaṇa, the Guardian of the Northern Quarter, a beneficent God who protects the righteous. There, liveth that foremost of birds named Garuda. They are more closely related to the Asuras because of their dark deeds. They are sometimes called devata (E.g., S.i.205), or devaputta (E.g., PvA. There is a specific type of gold called Jambunada from which Yakshas, Gandharvas, Apsaras, etc used to make their ornaments.Gandharvas are also said to be very powerful warriors who don’t fear any king. Gandharvas were the original resident of Mount Sumeru. It is here that the ten Apsaras known by the name of Vidyutprabha had their origin. Another prominent Yaksha found mention in Mahabharata is Sthunakarna. For a long time they were thought to be fairies, before the first wave of Danava migration from present day to europe towards the Hindu kush mountains. In the epic Mahabharata (V, 192, 44), a mention is made of Manibhadra as Yaksha Raja and Kubera’s chief attendant. At (3:310) of Mahabharata is a conversation of a Yaksha and Pandava king Yudhishthira. Over time, people started worshiping these deities as well. 113, 139). A gandharva (Sanskrit) or gandhabba (Pāli) (Japanese: 乾闥婆 Kendatsuba) is one of the lowest-ranking devas in Bud- dhist cosmology. Gandharvas are frequently d… They guard the Somaand play beautiful music for the gods in their palaces. He is regarded in Hinduism as the Lord of all wealth. Karna had encountered Yakshas in Mahendra mountains. They are not immortal, and definitely not worshiped. The illustrious Ashtavakra set out on his journey. A small population of "Gandhava" is still found in the mid and western part of Nepal, specially in Kaski district. Some are part animal, usually a bird or . When you look up a reference book, they call it the Yaksha cult. There is a specific type of gold called Jambunada from which Yakshas, Gandharvas,Apsaras, etc used to make their ornaments.Gandharvas are also said to be very powerful warriors who don't fear any king. He converted Shikhandini, the daughter of Panchala king Drupada into a male by exchanging his male sexuality with her. They appear in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist mythology. In Hindu law, a Gandharva marriage is one contracted by mutual consent and without formal rituals. To the latter origin belong the stories connected with vimanas found in or near the sea or in lakes. Yakshas. The term also refers to the Twelve Heavenly Generals who guard Bhaiṣajyaguru, the Medicine Buddha. In other lists (E.g., PvA. These are spiritual concepts, or subtle spiritual faculties or energies in the layer of consciousness. This page was last edited on 27 January 2016, at 05:13. They had kinship with another more ferocious tribe, the Rakshasas. Now wilt thou see the play-ground of the Devas, marked with their footprints, as we have passed the mountain Kala. Section 3:152 describes Pandava Bhima's expedition to this territory:-. Elsewhere (E.g., A.ii.38) they rank, in progressive order, between manussa and gandhabba. definición de Yakshas y sinónimos de Yakshas (español), antónimos y red semántica multilingüe (traductores por 37 lenguas) Yaksha (Sanskrit: यक्ष; yakṣa) is the name of a broad class of nature-spirits, usually benevolent, who are caretakers of the natural treasures hidden in the Earth and tree roots. It is here, that the celestial stream called Mandakini, and the mountain Mandara are to be seen. Gokarna, Karnataka is also mentioned as a place of yakshas and Pisacha Kingdom, and Kinnara Kingdom and the great Nagas Kingdom, and Siddhas and charanas and gandharvas. Usually, they are found in pair around the idols of Jinas as male (yaksha) and female (yakshini) guardian deities. Generally speaking, the Yakkhas were decadent divinities, beings half deified, having a devas supernormal powers, particularly as regards influencing people, partly helpful, partly harmful. The feminine Form of the word is yakṣī (यक्षी) or Yakshini (yakṣiṇī, यक्षिणी). Jains offer them different things in favor of boons for children, Wealth or freedom from fears, illness or disease. See Yakkha. And Ravana forcibly took from him the celestial chariot Pushpaka. According to a passage in the Vimanavatthu Commentary, (VvA.333) which gives illustrations, the term is used for Sakka, the Four Regent Gods (Maharajano), the followers of Vessavana, and also for puriso (individual soul?). It is here that the brilliant and shining gold mines of Himavat exhibit themselves to the illustrious and regenerate Rishi Jimuta and hence known by the name of the Jaimuta gold. The demons in the lower realm, like the Ghost Realm. Because all the treasures of the north stretches in a line towards the east and the west, therefore is the north sometimes called the central region. Yaksha; (Sanskrit: यक्ष yakṣa, Pali: यक्ख yakkha, Tamil: யக்கர், Kannada: ಯಕ್ಷ, Yākka, Thai: ยักษ์ yaksa, Chinese: 夜叉 yèchā or 藥叉 yàochā, Korean: 야차/夜叉 yacha, Japanese: 夜叉 yasha, Tibetan: གནོད་སྦྱིན་ gnod sbyin). Along the Saraswati River Topic. They are of many different kinds: spirits, ogres, dryads, ghosts, spooks. The Yakkhas (or Yakshas) though hardly demons (as their name is often rendered) are mostly ill disposed to the human race, sometimes man-eaters and often of unedifying conduct. In many stories, they harrass mortals, chiefly by enchanting forests, lakes and rivers and killing any human who ventures near them. In Vishnu Purana, Vayu Purana and Padma Purana, a curse that Durvasa laid upon Indra is described as the indirect reason for the famous churning of the o There was a dense and solitary forest that was the haunt of a very formidable Yaksha called Sthunakarna. In the scholiast to the Jayadissa Jataka (J.v.33), the figure of the hare in the moon is also called yakkha. Their king Kubera is said to be the wealthiest of all beings. The last term is significant as showing that yakkha also means man. In the Niddesa (MNid.282), yakkha is explained by satta, nara, manava, posa, puggala, jiva, jagu, jantu, indagu, manuja. That unearthly receptacle of waters was covered with celestial Saugandhika lotuses. (Mahisha himself was the son of an Asura in his wife belonging to the Yaksha tribe. It is here that the gardens called Saugandhi-kanaka are always guarded by the Rakshasas. Therefore, they had become very popular and their idols had been placed in Jain temples and Jains worship them. Lankapura may have been in Arithra or Vijithapura. Some of these, like Indakuta and Suciloma, are capable of intelligent questioning on metaphysics and ethics. In Hinduism, the gandharvas (Sanskrit: गन्धर्व, gandharva, Tamil:கந்தர்வர், Telugu:గంధర్వ) are male nature spirits, husbands of the Apsaras.Some are part animal, usually a bird or horse.They have superb musical skills. Some, at least, of the yakkhas are called rukkha devata (E.g., J.iii.309, 345; Pv.i.9; PvA.5) (spirits of trees), and others bhummadevata, (PvA.45,55) (spirits of the earth), who, too, seem to have resided in trees. In these regions their power is very great. གནོད་སྤྱིན་, nöjin; Wyl. They appear in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist literature. Entering that mansion, Sikhandini, the daughter of Drupada, began to reduce herself by foregoing all food for many days. At (3:160) is mentioned an encounter between Pandava Bhima and the Yaksha army. Buddhism later included them as one of the eight kinds of nonhuman beings who work to protect Buddhism. "Yakshas" is a Sanskrit word which means "speedy" (jie yi). It is also a territory of Gandharvas. gnod sbyin) — one of the eight classes of gods and demons. In Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist texts, the yakṣa has a dual personality. On the one hand, a yakṣa may be an inoffensive nature-fairy, associated with woods and mountains; but there is also a darker version of the yakṣa, which is a kind of Ghost (bhuta) that haunts the wilderness and waylays and devours travelers, similar to the rakṣasas. The lord Kuvera of body resembling pure gold, seated on his car of great splendour, and accompanied by numerous Yakshas came there. .. Yaksha (Skt. (2,10). And the lord of treasures, possessed of great beauty, came there to see Arjuna, illuminating the firmament with his effulgence. ... Kubera is the treasurer of the gods and overlord of the semi-divine Yakshas, the Guhyakas, Kinnaras and Gandharvas, who act as his assistants and protectors of the … Kubera came to see Bhima the destroyer of his army. They are common as guardians of the gates in Buddhist temples throughout The country since at least the 14th century. In the early records, yakkha, like naga, as an appellative, was anything but depreciative. 45, 55) they range immediately above the Petas; in fact, some of the happier Petas are called Yakkhas. The territory of Yakshas under Kubera is mentioned as the region surrounding the Kailasa mountains and Manasa lake (Tibet) in the Himalayas. yakṣa; Tib. Yakshas are usually associated with north side. They are mostly depicted with a characteristic face, having big round bulging Eyes and protruding fangs, as well as a green complexion. Means man, yakkha, like the Ghost realm mythical creatures called Yakshas who one! 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