“Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Fragrant Sumac will grow to be about 3 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 6 feet. Soil/Site: Dry soils, tolerates partial shade and acid soils. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 25 years. Fragrant sumac prefers upland open woods, fields and rocky cliffs. The bright red clusters of autumn berries often last into winter. Fragrant Sumac. Depending on the type, fragrant sumac can make a good foundation planting or a good screen during the growing season. One difference is that the leaflets of fragrant sumac are attached at a single point, while the terminal leaflet of poison oak has a short stem. The leaflets are egg-shaped and coarsely toothed. Sumac trees and shrubs are interesting throughout the year. Some people make an iced tea from the sour berries, sweetened like lemonade. Fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (while poison ivy has waxy whitish fruits). Rhus aromatica. Fragrant Sumac slide 28c 360% slide 28a 360% slide 28d 520% III-53. US east of the Rocky Mountains, from Ontario and Fruits: 5-7 mm in diameter, bright red at maturity and densely hairy, containing a single nutlet 3.8-4.5 mm long, in terminal clusters. Michael Dirr, author of The Manual of Woody Plants, says of fragrant sumac that although it is “somewhat of a second-class citizen”, he “cannot remember any (of the hundreds he has seen over the years) that were offensive”. The cultivar 'Gro-low' is often used as a ground cover as it is lower-growing. Fruit Color - Red. The leaves were also used in treatments of colds. The leaves of fragrant sumac turn brilliant colors in the fall. Fragrant_sumac_fall_color_Portland_10-27-18.JPG, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. It is used as a ground cover, and an excellent shrub for stabilizing banks and slopes. The fruit is eaten by many species of birds and mammals. Also, fragrant sumac has hairy, reddish fruits (not waxy whitish ones), and it never crawls up trees as a vine. Small yellow flowers bloom in late March or early April. Fragrant sumac is a dense, low shrub that readily spreads by suckers to form thickets. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. The male plants produce yellow catkins while the female plants boast clusters of tiny yellow flowers in spring. Fragrant Sumac is a slow growing shrub that typically grows 2-4 meters tall. It has small yellow flowers, hairy red fruits, and glossy leaves that change to gorgeous orange-red in autumn. Low, irregular spreading shrub with lower branches that grow horizontally then turn up at the tips. Use Fragrant Sumac in sun or light shade in dryish soil. Small berries are attractive to birds and other pollinators. The thickets provide wildlife cover. Fragrant sumac is native to most of the Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is 2-8' tall. The leaves are fragrant or at least odorous. During the winter, small mammals, turkeys, grouse, robins, and flickers eat the seeds and rabbits and mice eat the bark. Increasingly used as a native landscaping plant, there are now a selection of varieties and cultivars available, some taller, some shorter or "dwarf." Fragrant sumac definition is - a sweet-scented sumac (Rhus aromatica) with ternate leaves, yellowish green flowers in spikes resembling catkins, and red hairy fruits. Fragrant sumac root was used by Native Americans to Berries soaked in … Fruit and leaves can be chewed for stomach ache, diabetes. The foliage is relatively unpalatable due to the high tannin content of the leaves. This shrub will form a low colony and grows in dreadful soils that other plants would find intolerable. Unlike its cousin poison ivy, fragrant sumac is a peasant, nontoxic plant. Wildlife Value: A favorite of grouse and turkey. Soils should be well drained and of dry to medium moisture. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. 'Grow Low' are easy to grow in many soils types. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. The fall color is a vibrant red to orange, and birds flock to the clusters of red, fuzzy berries. Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) General Description ... Fruit Type - Hairy-clustered drupes, 1/4 inch in diameter, females only. Leaves are alternate, compound with three leaflets, leaflets lacking stalks; terminal leaflet 2–2½ inches long, short stalked, egg-shaped, tip pointed to rounded, margin lobed or coarsely toothed, lower edge lacking teeth; foliage fragrant when crushed. Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to … Native to North America, it is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Smooth sumac and fragrant sumac have always been conspicuous in the fall, but now they seem more apparent to me. It is native to North America and can be found in Southern Ontario. Also, the fruit of the fragrant sumac … Note that it never climbs as a vine up the sides of trees. Fragrant Sumac 'Gro Low' ( Rhus aromatica) are short, wide growing shrubs with bright fall foliage. Straggling to upright native shrubs 0.5-2(-2.5) meters tall (rarely tree-like), forming colonial thickets of up to 10 feet spread, suckering from the roots, the branches slender ascending, puberulent, glabrate, or densely pilose; buds naked, tiny, yellow, hairy, surrounded by a raised, circular leaf scar. The leaves and twigs are fragrant when crushed or damaged, a feature that lends the plant its common name. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contact with th… Fragrant bush up to 7ft tall, red hairy oily fruits, 3-leaf design, yellow flowers, red fuzzy berries. Many birds and mammals feed on the fruit. South Dakota. Fragrant Sumac makes a pretty hedge or back of the border, especially if you like a wilder edge to your landscape. Sumac is a fairly common plant, and you were probably taught for years that it is poisonous and should be avoided. Fruit: Persists into winter. Fragrant Sumac can be an erect shrub with ascending branches, or it can be a low shrub with spreading branches. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. Natives have been known to use the root to create a medicine for diarrhea. It is a trailing-rooting and colonizing ground cover. Bark used for lung and urinary tract issues dysentery, diarrhea. Clusters of fuzzy red fruit form on female plants through June. Natives of Canada and the United States have used fragrant sumac over the centuries for its astringent properties, which assist with poultices. It is the stems that are pungently fragrant. Noted for its aromatic foliage, attractive berries and glorious fall colors, Rhus aromatica (Fragrant Sumac) is a dense, sprawling, deciduous shrub with lower branches that turn up at the tips. Fragrant sumac commonly grows in low colonies in open woodlands. Anacardiaceae. Use All parts edible and astringent. Fragrant sumac is a thicket-forming shrub, with branches ascending or lying on the ground. Known for its lemony scent, fragrant sumac is a native Midwestern plant that blooms in early spring with greenish-yellow flowers and bright red and orange fruits in late summer and fall. Small yellow flowers are present from early spring before foliage growth. Aromatic sumac, lemon sumac, polecat sumac Uses: The fruit is an important winter food for birds, including turkeys, ruffed grouse, robins and flickers, and for various small mammals. The shrub was fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica). When to Plant a Fragrant Sumac. The common name sumac is from the Middle English for related tree. western Quebec, Massachusetts and New Hampshire It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a rounded top. Note the middle leaflet of its "leaves of three": On fragrant sumac, there is no (or at most a very short) leaf stalk on that middle leaflet. to Florida and west to the Great Plains in Texas to Uses For Sumac Berries. Also, poison ivy can climb as a vine, with aerial roots, while fragrant sumac doesn't climb at all. Very nice fall color. Sumac is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. Flowers: yellow, in small, dense inflorescences on short lateral shoots, opening before the leaves, bisexual and unisexual, both types borne on the same plant (the species polygamodioecious); male (staminate) flowers in yellowish catkins, female (pistillate) flowers in bright yellow, short panicles at the ends of branches. Foliage/fruit. Fragrant sumac is drought tolerant and thrives in full sun; the leaves turn red and orange in fall. To survive during severe winters, rabbits eat the bark. It has trifoliate (with three leaflets), medium-green leaves that turn orange, red, and purple in autumn. Twigs are slender, flexible, brown, hairy, becoming smooth later. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. The show begins with large clusters of flowers in spring, followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage. A small native Missouri shrub. They remind me of the Native Americans that first occupied this land, simply because they were such important sources of food, medicines, weaving materials and dyes. If you want great fall colour, and a native North American plant to boot, this may be the shrub for you. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. Leaves: deciduous, alternate, compound with 3 leaflets, variable in shape, lobing, and margin, the leaflets unstalked, ovate to rhomboid, more or less wedge-shaped at the base, coarsely-toothed, usually shiny-glabrous above, the terminal leaflet 3-6.5 cm long; summer foliage green to glossy blue-green, turning orange to red or purple in the fall. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica) is a low growing shrub with spreading branches that turn up at the tips. Fragrant sumac is a low-growing shrub (4 feet or 1.2 m tall), which forms thickets in glades and on rocky balds. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Fragrant sumac has a greater chance of taking the abuse than the other plants and may act as protection for them. Depending on the variety, it is variable in size and branching habit. Typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') and spreads to 10' wide. Sumac family (Anacardiaceae). 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